A driver licence issued by a country outside France is only recognised for one year once the person acquires “normal residence
” in France, normal residence being defined as the place in which you live for at least six months (185 days) a year due to professional or personal attachments. If you are a foreign student in France, however, you can drive with your non-European licence during your studies.
Where to apply?
All applications are on-line at https://permisdeconduire.ants.gouv.fr/Actualites/Echange-de-permis-etranger-faites-votre-demande-en-ligne
See instructions below
To qualify, your licence must be valid and issued by the country in which you had normal residence at the time.
You cannot apply to have your licence to be exchanged if it is currently suspended, withdrawn or cancelled.
If you have an existing driver’s licence that is less than three years old then your newly issued French licence will also be a probationary one until a three-year period has elapsed.
What about a motorcycle licence?
An update on the French government website
at the end of January 2021 unfortunately provides the information that it is not possible to obtain an open motorbike licence (permis moto A) through an exchange. A restricted motorbike licence (permis moto A2) only will be issued (a power output of less than 35 kW). To be upgraded to an open licence, you are required to have 2 years of practice and 7 hours of additional training with a driving school.
Unfortunately, there is no way of getting around this as it applies to all French motorbike licences.
When to apply?
The deadlines are as follows:
1st carte de séjour
: Less than one year after your card was issued
Visa de long séjour valant titre de séjour
: Less than one year after the date of validation by OFII.
It’s best to start the process a couple of months ahead of time
as some documents may require a little time to acquire.
What do I need?
- An Australian driver licence
- An Australian driving record or traffic history
First you will need an Australian driving record or traffic history
, which is normally only available to the driver themselves. It can be ordered on-line but must be sent to an Australian address usually the last one on record. If you haven’t already done so, you’ll need to officially change your address
to an address in Australia where the record can be sent. The system is different for each state. All the relevant links are given at the end of this post.
- A passport photo
- Proof of address
- Proof of residency
Translation into French
You will then need to have your licence and driving record/history translated by a court-certified translator. The official list can be found on the Court de Cassation website https://www.courdecassation.fr/informations_services_6/experts_judiciaires_8700.html#experts
This is the official list of certified translators in France.
All other lists are usually agencies in disguise. Translation agencies cannot be certified themselves, only the individual translators who carry out the work which is usually outsourced.
You can have the translation carried out by a translator living anywhere in France
. There are no fixed prices for certified translations in France so they can vary considerably. You will need to take your licence and history to the translator in person
or send them a good quality scan by email or a colour photocopy by post
. A good quality scan means that it must be done with a scanner/photocopier and not a phone unless you have a special app.
Translators usually ask to be paid in advance by bank transfer, PayPal, etc. The translation is sent back by pdf ready for uploading on the ANTS website.
On-line application process
All applications are now made on-line at https://permisdeconduire.ants.gouv.fr/Actualites/Echange-de-permis-etranger-faites-votre-demande-en-ligne
1/ Register on the website
2/ Follow the steps
(you can use Google Translate to help you))
You will need an approved passport photo. This can be obtained in most photo booths (see complete list for Photomaton on https://reseau.photomaton.fr/
. You can also use a photo app: https://freeappsforme.com/passport-photo-apps/
4/ Proof of address:
The most common documents are your phone bill or electricity bill.
You can also ask your landlord to write a letter saying that you are being hosted by them (lettre d’hébergement
). Don’t forget to include the date you arrived. The person should say you have been continuously living with them since a specific date. You will need a copy of their ID.
5/ Proof of residency:
You can use your “titre de séjour”, stamps in your passport, a letter from your landlord, lease receipts, a letter from the town hall in small towns, or anything else that will prove you have been living in France for the specified amount of time.
One of the easiest ways to prove residency is to register with the Australian Embassy on your arrival in France.
N.B. If you are applying for a motorbike or HR licence, make sure you fill in the form correctly. It seems that the authorities are reluctant to issue exchanges for these categories.
What happens next?
After your application is examined, you will be systematically asked to provide your original licence.
You will be contacted by the authority concerned and issued a certificate of secure deposit (ADS) for your Australian driver licence.
You can use the ADS to drive while waiting for your French licence to be issued, but only up until the date of expiry of your Australian licence.
How long will it take?
The processing time will vary according to the complexity of your application and mainly depends on how long it takes to check your right to drive (driving history).
How can you track your application?
You can write an email or phone CERT de Nantes – Suivi de l’échange du permis de conduire
By email : cert-pc-epe-44-usagersEPE@interieur.gouv.fr
By phone : 02 55 58 49 00
If you move during the process
Send an email to the above address, together with a pdf version of proof of domicile and the ADS (i.e. interim licence) or, if you haven’t received the ADS, your birth name, given names, date of birth and nationality of the licence.
The French licence is then posted to your home address.
What sort of licence will I get?
The licence is not probationary
unless the original licence is less than 3 years old.
The issue date indicated on the licence is the issue date of the French licence. The licence is valid for 15 years from the issue date
(except when a medical check-up is needed, for drives of HGVs for example).
Special note about UK licences
Since 1st January, certain rules about driving in France have changed:
If you were a resident in France before 1st January 2021, your licence will be valid for one year from that date, i.e. 1st January 2022. If you started living in France after 1st January 2021, your licence will be recognized for one year from the date of your arrival.
If you would like me to translate your documents (I am certified as a translator by the Orléans Court of Appeal and live in France), you can phone 06 76 41 99 43 or write to email@example.com. To know more about me professionally, you can check out my website www.kneipp-traduction.com.
All information taken from the official government site https://www.service-public.fr/particuliers/vosdroits/F1460
, verified in august 2020.
LINKS TO OBTAIN AN AUSTRALIAN DRIVING HISTORY/TRAFFIC RECORD